Acacia tree fruit drug
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Metrics details. The emergence of drug resistant malaria is threatening our ability to treat and control malaria in the Southeast Asian region. There is an urgent need to develop novel and chemically diverse antimalarial drugs. This study aimed at evaluating the antimalarial and antioxidant potentials of Acacia nilotica plant extracts.
WATCH RELATED VIDEO: Psychoactive Australian Acacia species and their alkaloidsContent:
- Everything You Need to Know About Acacia Trees
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- The plant kingdom and hallucinogens (part II)
- Unraveling Plant Natural Chemical Diversity for Drug Discovery Purposes
- List of Acacia species known to contain psychoactive alkaloids
- Tree Directory
- t19 Acacia Pollen
- What Are the Medical Uses of Acacia Nilotica?
- Article Information
Everything You Need to Know About Acacia Trees
Faidherbia is the ideal tree to intercrop with cereal crops like maize, sorghum, and millet. In Zambia for example, maize yields were 3 tonnes per hectare under Faidherbia canopies and only 2 tonnes per ha. Also, the tree is able to take nitrogen, an essential fertiliser, out of the atmosphere through bacteria that grows on its roots. Where this tree grows spontaneously, farmers protect the seedlings that naturally emerge.
This is a system promoted by Self Help Africa in all projects — known as Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration FMNR , where farmers are trained and supported in managing their resources to maintain and improve their land, farms and livelihoods. The variety of Acacia is very important to to the farming communities Self Help Africa works with in Malawi. The trees are primarily used for conservation of catchments - areas where the rainwater collects and usually drains off into a waterbody like a river, pond or lake.
Planting trees in these catchment areas will help to improve the supply of water that will be used for domestic and agricultural needs. Forested catchments will also help to reduce soil erosion and to buffer watercourses from pollution; to stabilise river banks, reducing bank erosion; and planting trees can help reduce flooding, and slow down flood water during flood events. Gliricidia is a fast growing tree common to southern and eastern Africa.
The trees are planted for 'intercropping'; to provide fodder, and improve soil fertility. When intercropped with maize, Gliricidia is cut back in the growing season to prevent competition with the maize crop for water, light and nutrients, and the cut leaves are used as mulch - to fertilize the soil. Once the maize has been harvested Gliricidia is allowed to re-grow to provide vital fodder for livestock during the dry season.
Neem is a fast-growing and long-lived evergreen tree that can grow to 15 metres tall with a wide-spreading, dense, crown that provides year-round cool shade in even the hottest places.
A true multipurpose tree, neem is a very valuable plant to grow. It is a very effective medicinal herb for treating fevers, provides food, a very good insecticide and insect repellent sleeping under a neem tree keeps away mosquitoes and neem headlice treatment is sold in Ireland! In Africa, farmers also use neem leaves in grain stores keep away insects, and in the hot and dry countries of the Sahel, Neem is often planted along streets to provide shade.
This may not be a species you're familiar with but it's in food and products you use every day. The tree produces Gum Arabic - a stabilizer used in everyday foods and in a very well known Irish beverage - it helps make the creamy head on a pint of Guinness! In Africa - the Acacia Senegal grows in semi-arid areas, in countries like Burkina Faso and Ethiopia, where other agriculture can be quite fragile. Sap collection the 'gum' , provides employment and income for farmers, but more than that the leaves and fruit give fodder for sheep and goats; and the roots help fix nitrogen in the soil.
Self Help Africa has also established several beekeeping projects in the communities where the Acacias grow, and the tree flowers provide nectar for those bees! This results in delicious nutritious honey that families eat at home and sell to earn extra income. The Silky Oak is an erect, single-stemmed tree typically reaching m tall and 80 cm in diameter.
Grevillea is one of the most important trees to grow, and be planted in the tropical highlands of East and Central Africa. It is commonly planted as a boundary tree around the perimeter of small farms, in a single row atIt is also planted in rows between small fields, and as scattered individuals over crops such as coffee and maize.
This tree is also planted in rows along the contour to conserve soil on sloping lands in the tropical highlands. There is also some evidence to show that using the leaves as a mulch can reduce soil losses on sloping land. For the farmers Self Help Africa works with in these upland regions — being able to protect and nourish the soil is vital to improve farm yields and income.
Although native to Asia, Moringa is widely grown in Africa, where its leaves are used for spinach, the pods are cooked like green beans and the seeds from more mature pods are cooked like peas or roasted like nuts. Moringa grows quickly and is drought resistant. The dried leaves retain lots of vitamins and minerals. The farmers Self Help Africa works with in East and Southern Africa are encouraged and trained in growing moringa as a way to improve child and maternal nutrition.
Oil from moringa seeds is used in foods, perfume, and hair care products, and as a machine lubricant. The seed cake remaining after oil extraction is used as a fertilizer and both the seeds and the seed cake have the unique ability to purify water. Casuarina is a remarkable evergreen tree with a finely branched, feathery crown. Unlike most trees Casuarina is salt tolerant and grows well in sand, so it can be used to control erosion along coastlines, estuaries, riverbanks and waterways and to stabilise sand dunes.
It is often planted for reclaiming and improving the land. The abundance of highly branch twigs absorb wind energy amazingly well, and in areas with hot, dry winds the tree protects crops and animal herds. Casuarina fixes atmospheric nitrogen through symbiosis with a root fungi. Because of this partnership Casuarina is able to grow vigorously on barren, polluted sites and thrive in deep sandy soils.
Casuarina is idea for planting on field boundaries in arid and semi-arid areas as it does not shade the crop very much, adds nitrogen to the soil and yields substantial quantities of green leaf manure on lopping. SHA is planting casuarina in sandy areas in Kenya, especially along the coast.
The Peruvian Peppertree is a fast growing, elegant evergreen tree with a wide crown of weeping foliage between 6 to 15 metres tall. It produces flowers from April to June and is one of the few trees that will contain male only or female only flowers, where separate male and female plants must be grown if further seed is required. The Peppertree is used for food - its lush red berries produced can be dried and roasted and used as a pepper substitute. On a larger scale, the fruit can be distilled to create an oil which is used in spiced baked goods, chewing gum and sweets.
Found in Africa from Ethiopia to Mozambique and Zimbabwe the Umbrella Thorn is drought tolerant, produces its own nitrogen and will grow on degraded land and along gullies, making it a good species for restoring degraded land. The Umbrella Thorn provides an edible gum, medicine, fodder and shade for livestock and the well-known acacia honey.
Marula is a medium-sized deciduous tree, indigenous to Southern Africa, the parklands of the Sahel and Sudan, and Madagascar. Collecting the fruit of wild marula tree is an important source of income for women in rural communities. The fruit is eaten at home, and sold at market; and the juice and pulp are mixed with water and fermented to make traditional marula beer. There are local tales of elephants becoming drunk on the fallen and fermented fruits!
Commercially the frozen fruit puree is used in juice blends and marula oil is used as an ingredient in cosmetics as a skin moisturizer and as an edible oil in Southern Africa.
These names come from the rattling sound the seeds make inside the pods when it is windy. These seeds are edible and can be harvested when the pods turn yellow. They are dried in the baking sun before they go brittle and can be beaten with a flail to be extracted and combined in a meal.
This tree can grow to 30m in height and produces large white flowers which are very fragrant and delicate looking. Self Help Africa plants Albezia for shading crops like coffee and banana, for shelterbelts and for providing nitrogen to crops. Albezia also provides fodder for small livestock. Familiar to everyone, the cashew is a tropical evergreen tree that can grow up to 14 metres, and the smaller dwarf species reaching 6 metres.
There are over species in the Anacardium family, including mango, pistachio but the cashew is by far the most economically important. The Cashew tree is mainly grown in the wet and dry tropics where it can withstand temperatures of above 40 degrees Celsius. They are excellent trees for warmer regions and are pretty much drought resistant. SHA is promoting the planting of new cashew orchards, and the rehabilitation of old orchards in Kenya, Zambia and Burkina Faso.
New orchards and old trees are being replaced with dwarf varieties as these can produce economic yields after 3 years as compared to waiting 8 years for the traditional species. To improve both soil fertility and household nutrition SHA has developed a system of planting beans between the cashew trees.
The cashew nut is very unusual as it hangs underneath the cashew apple, rather than being hidden inside the fruit. The cashew apple matures in 90 days, can be eaten fresh, is high in Vitamin C and has a refreshing, sweet taste. The cashew nut is high in protein and is eaten across the world. Export demand is high and cashew nuts are a very export valuable crop. Balanites aegyptiaca is found across the Sahel-Savannah region of Africa.
Balanites is valuable in arid regions because it produces fruit even in dry times. The yellow, single-seeded fruit is edible but bitter. Some trees have unusually sweet fruit and these can be grafted onto the roots of bitter trees. The fruit can mixed into porridge and eaten by nursing mothers; and is sometimes fermented for alcoholic drinks.
The leaves are eaten raw or cooked, the oily seed is boiled to make it less bitter and eaten mixed with sorghum, and even the flowers can be eaten. Another important use for the Desert Date is the control of the parasites Bilharzia and Guinea worm. These parasites are spread by water snails and copepods. Bilharzia is particularly widespread in the tropics wherever people are in contact with lakes and wetlands: farmers irrigating their crops, fisherfolk, children playing.
The bark and fruits of the Desert Date repel and kill the snails and copepods and Balanites is often planted on the border of irrigation canals and rivers so that the fallen fruits control the bilharzia carrying snails.
In West Africa, shea nut cultivation is particularly important for women, as they control the shea nut butter value chain. Self Help Africa works with women farmers in Burkina Faso to plant and protect shea nut trees, helping women maintain and earn an independent income, even in the drier seasons.
The tree starts producing nuts when it is 10 to 15 years old and can produce nuts for up to years. The fruits resemble large plums and an average tree can produce 15 to 20 kilograms of fresh fruit per season. An edible oil is extracted from the nuts that has the texture of butter at room temperature. Shea Nut butter is used for cooking, and as an ingredient in chocolate. But it's also well known for its use in cosmetics, for example skin moisturizers, hair conditioners, lipsticks and lip gloss.
Macadamia is an evergreen tree that grows up to 12 metres in height. The genus is comprised of 4 species but all produce the same fruit, which is more commonly known as the macadamia nut. The tree takes between 5 and 8 years before producing its first fruit. Once the nuts are ripe they fall from the tree and can be easily picked from the ground.
Even with this easy harvest, only a few nuts get produced on each tree each year which makes macadamias most expensive nut in the world! This oil is commonly used in cooking and cosmetics. The African Olive is a subspecies of the European Olive. Is a neatly shaped evergreen tree with a dense spreading crown 9 x 12 m of glossy grey-green to dark-green foliage. It has strong smelling white flowers from July to March, which is quickly followed by a glossy fruit that ripens from green to red to black.
The olives are usually made into a non-drying oil which is used on salads and in cooking.
Vachellia nilotica has been used since early Egyptian dynasties. Disocorides the Greek philosopher, physician and 'father of botany' c. He called this 'akakia', and it is from this word that the modern name is derived. The origin of the previous name for the genus was Acacia which means 'spiny' and is a typical feature of the species. Acacia nilotica is widespread in subtropical and tropical Africa from Egypt to Mauritania southwards to South Africa, and in Asia eastwards to Pakistan and India. It has naturalized in several countries where it has been introduced as a medicinal, forage and fuelwood plant.
percent of the world population) presently use herbal medicine for health care (Mishra, ). Acacia nilotica is a single stemmed plant.
The plant kingdom and hallucinogens (part II)
Beth Gott does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment. People have lived in Australia for at least 65, years. In all those generations the land provided original Australians with everything they needed for a healthy life. At least half the food eaten by the first Australians came from plants, and it was the task of women to collect them. Fruits, seeds and greens were seasonal, but roots could usually be dug up all year round, because the earth acted as a natural storage cupboard. The particular plants eaten or used as medicine varied in different parts of Australia. In Arnhem Land, North Queensland and the Kimberley, many tropical trees bear fruits and seeds, such as native figs Ficus spp.
Unraveling Plant Natural Chemical Diversity for Drug Discovery Purposes
Although these past claims are not backed by evidence, acacia is still used for many things today. Acacia is packed with soluble fiber and beneficial prebiotics to make this a powerhouse herbal for overall good health. From the Family Leguminosae. The two main types discussed in this article are.
Faidherbia is the ideal tree to intercrop with cereal crops like maize, sorghum, and millet.
List of Acacia species known to contain psychoactive alkaloids
Amongst the Kung tribe of Bushmen in Dobe, Botswana, this bulbous perennial, known locally as kwashi , is said to have psychoactive properties. When the bulb is rubbed on an incision made on the head of a tribesman, visual hallucinations are said to be induced. Nothing more is known of this curious custom. Pancraetium , a genus of some 15 species in the warmer parts mainly of tropical Asia and Africa, possesses powerfully toxic principles, including alkaloids. A number of species find use amongst primitive peoples as emetics.
Metrics details. Herbal plants are potent in curing various ailments of ancient times as they have comparatively lesser side effects. The demands for natural drugs, mostly from plant sources, are increasing over the past few decades. Because of their potent antioxidant activity, Acacia species are used to treat a variety of diseases. One of the species Acacia ferruginea , an endangered medicinal plant, is widely used in the traditional medicine system, and it is considered that standardization would be beneficial. The present study investigates the physicochemical parameters, preliminary phytochemical screening, trace metals by SEM—EDS, and fluorescence properties of various extracts non-polar to polar of leaf and bark parts. Standard spectrophotometric methods UV—Vis, FT-IR, fluorescence spectroscopy are employed to analyze the functional groups, and the DPPH and total antioxidant methods are used to assess antioxidant potential. The ethyl acetate extract of leaves and ethanol extract of the bark are found to be the highest in yield,
plant species used in traditional Beninese medicine, including Acacia nilotica. The fruits of Acacia nilotica are pubescent, greyish-colored pods.
T19 Acacia Pollen
Medicinal Plants. Bark of the tree is used medicinally. Being an astringent agent, twigs of Babula have been used in India as natural toothbrushes. Such use has been time-tested approach in prevention of bleeding gums.
What Are the Medical Uses of Acacia Nilotica?
Acacia nilotica is a medium sized tree found in the dry parts of Africa, India, Australia, Arabia and other areas. It is used in traditional African herbal medicine and in Ayurvedic and Siddha medicine , which are traditional healing systems in India. Also known as the Indian gum arabic tree, the bark, roots, leaves and gum are the parts most commonly used for healing. Research studies are being conducted on the many potential health benefits of Acacia nilotica, confirming many of the traditional uses.
Syn : Abroma augulata Lam.
Introduction: The natural medicinal plants can boost self-cure, perfect health, and longevity. Acacia nilotica Lam Acacia is an imperative plant that possesses many medicinal uses. Acacia trees are vastly spread in Saudi Arabia. In folk medicine, various parts of Acacia tree, including the leaves, bark, seeds, roots, gum, flowers, fruits, and young pods are utilized as nutrients and therapeutic remedies to hinder, alleviate, or manage many illnesses. Acacia is wealthy in antioxidant phenolics, mainly condensed tannin and phlobatannins.
Botany Acacia is a large umbraculiform tree growing to a height of 20 to 25 meters. Bark is rough and furrowed. Branches are widespread.