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Landscape design plan set

Landscape design plan set


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Up to now we have discussed principles and techniques for evaluating your site, designing gardens, and selecting plants. In this module we take up the process of actually creating your garden. The following steps should get you started:. Do you want to enhance a view or terrain feature? Do you want a colorful garden or maybe a garden that is relatively free of maintenance? Do you want an in-ground watering system?

Content:
  • University of Pittsburgh Campus Landscape Plan & Design Guidelines
  • Is a Landscape Design Plan For You?
  • Landscape Design Terms With Definitions
  • Landscape Plan Review
  • Landscape Representation: The Role of Architectural Plans in Parks and Public Spaces
  • What’s a Conceptual Landscape Design?
  • Create a site plan
  • Drawing a Landscape Plan, The Base Map
WATCH RELATED VIDEO: Quick Landscape Design Plan Rendering

University of Pittsburgh Campus Landscape Plan & Design Guidelines

Designing, developing, and maintaining a landscape architecture project is a process — that's why it is important to collaborate with expert design professionals to do it right. Hiring an extraordinary landscape architect is essential to ensuring your site-specific project is aligns with the design vision and meets all specifications. In this guide, we'll give you a general overview of the process and a landscape architecture project and the steps needed from design to completion.

The job of a landscape architect requires excellence in a variety of skill sets due to the position's versatile nature. Architects fill the roles of the planner, communicator, designer, innovator, problem-solver and calculator.

The success of a landscaping project relies on the extent of the planning and research done in the beginning, so you want someone who is thorough. However, it's equally important to utilize creative and flexible problem solving abilities during the project. All construction projects experience changes throughout the building process but landscape architects must contend with a degree of unpredictability brought by natural sites.

As a result, architects must be ready to problem solve, reinvent and offer new solutions based on changes in the job site, client objectives and restrictions that may be posed by nature. Using an organized, systematic approach to this extensive process gives a project the best chance of ending with a successful outcome and higher return on investment.

Thinking through every possibility in the brainstorming session gives the architect, developer and client the most solid foundation to work from — and they can then be better prepared for roadblocks they face in the future. If everyone involved in a project understands the steps of a landscape architect's job, they can effectively communicate their needs and goals. Improved communication will only make the project more successful in the long run for the people who use the space.

The primary objective of a landscape architect is twofold. They must design spaces to fulfill the developer's objectives, while respecting the natural environment. Their jobs could be directly tied to revitalizing natural spaces impacted by human activity, such as restoring streams, wetlands or areas near a mining site.

However, even if the job does not explicitly pertain to natural restoration, they prioritize maintaining the existing environment while optimizing the use of the natural space for the client's purposes.

Landscape architects can work on a wide variety of projects, include public parks, college campuses, monuments, hospital grounds or the area surrounding a corporate headquarters. They also could get involved in town and urban planning during a county development or assist in restoring a historic area. They maximize function while focusing on natural preservation. A successful landscape design does not resist the natural landscape but instead works with it.

Landscape architects can't start designing plans until a developer gives them a site to work with. The landscape of the location impacts the design of whatever structure the developer needs the architect to create.

This job requires a diversified set of skills to fulfill the tasks of communicating with clients and inter-industry colleagues, surveying future sites, designing a variety of plans, working with contractors during the execution of the project and maintaining the project for some time after the site's completion.

The job requires long hours, attention to detail, project management skills and a genuine appreciation for natural spaces. The position blends the arts and mathematics, as architects must see creative solutions and understand the mechanics required to make that vision work. Understanding what goes into this complicated role will give you an appreciation for their craft and will help you consider how you can best aid them throughout the project. Landscape projects cover a diverse array of objectives.

The same architect could work on designs for a healing garden for a hospital or design an innovative dog park on the roof of a luxury living complex. While the methods and specifics change with each project to match the particular goals of the job site, the process stays relatively consistent. To better understand the role of the landscape architect throughout the planning and execution phases of production, we've compiled a list of steps these projects go through:.

The design brief stage in landscape architecture is all about asking the right questions. The architect interacts with the client's developer, so they can communicate the goals they have for the project. These objectives inform what the design plans will look like — this process gives the architect the information they need to craft the questions that the final design must answer.

It's the time for brainstorming, weighing options, envisioning possibilities and offering propositions on how to fulfill the client objectives. This stage narrows down the realm of limitless possibilities. The architect finds a solution that solves the problem while working within the restraints of the location. While landscaping comes with many technical aspects, the field at its core is a creative venture. Any landscape "problem" or "prompt" that a developer wants to fulfill has almost limitless solutions.

By asking and answering questions, the architect narrows down possibilities to find the exact one that suits the developer's needs and preferences. They collaborate with the natural environment and follow the county's codes and regulations. This time allows the developer to explain what requirements they need to see met by the conclusion of the project for them to consider it a success.

This way, the designers can create something that works for the client while fulfilling all the design and functional needs of the space. By creating these benchmarks, architects have a framework to measure the end product to know when they succeeded. If clients skip the design phase, the project remains open-ended. If the client never establishes the metrics of the eventual goals, the architects have no way to measure if the project achieved the client's objectives. The architect works with the developer to understand what the design must do for the client.

Later on, the architect figures out how the design will accomplish those objectives — and that phase begins with research. The design stage begins when the proverbial pencil hits the paper.

The architect takes the ideas discussed with the developer and turns them into plans on a digital page. Throughout the design phases, the landscape architect will consider factors such as cost, purpose and features of the site itself. When designing, the location is vital to the development of the plan. The architect has to keep in mind the original site. They must protect the natural vegetation and resources while accomplishing the objectives of the developer.

The architect relies on the expertise of multiple professionals while constructing the design. They consult civil engineers, hydrologists, geotechnical engineers, environmental scientists and foresters.

The landscape architect only works on the exterior of the building, so they rarely consult structural engineers. The preliminary design phase consists of researching the restrictions and requirements of the project. The architect analyzes current features in the location, such as existing walkways, buildings and utilities. They also consider environmental factors such as climates, micro-climates, moisture retention, existing plants and soil erosion.

They infer areas rather than focus on specific calculations and details. As a part of their research, they will also consider which plants would work best in the area to help them achieve their objectives.

If they're working on a wetland retention area, they need a plant that is resistant to drought but can take on a lot of water. Knowing what types of plants will work in these systems and climates helps them shape their ideas. This phase of design consists of fleshing out multiple sketches of high-level design concepts. Architects are starting to create a plan with basic numbers and an understanding of the requirements of the jurisdiction. For example, they need to follow the codes specific to the county, city or township about open area requirements and landscape ratios.

During this stage, architects look at the factors the project must adhere to in order to bring the project into compliance.

Later in the conceptual stage, they try to identify issues that may arise when getting clearances from governing bodies. This stage of the landscape design includes all the necessary calculations and delves deeply into the specifics of all the structures.

The architect becomes mindful of components such as stormwater management, contour grading and elevation drawings. They select one of the conceptual designs and refine it to define the necessary specifications.

They make sure their plan follows code and fulfills the needs of the developer. This plan includes specifics about the methods that the construction team will use and the aesthetics requested by the developer. They address potential issues, including accessibility as required by the ADA and drainage specifications of the requirements of jurisdiction — this plan is lengthy and extremely detail-oriented.

Another document they need to create is a table with all of the plants necessary for the site and their different specifications — this chart includes sizes of the plants, their comprehensive data, the number needed for the site, how they will be planted and future details on how to care for them. They even need to list types of grass the contractors can use. This phase will cycle back and forth between itself and the design development phase.

Now, the plans are finalized and sent to different review agencies for approvals. Since this is the final stage before the contractors break ground, every detail and calculation must comply with the governing bodies' requirements. When plans don't fit every code, they get sent back to the architect to get reworked to fit within those parameters.

This part of the process generally includes a civil engineer to help with all the technical calculations. They work on proper grading, sewage and pipelines to make the original design technically viable. They must be aware of the state's rules and regulations to make sure the plan satisfies all the conditions of a business operating within that specific state. All decisions are made based on particular regulations , including quality-control checklists, specific country requirements and interdisciplinary coordination needs.

Once these plans receive approval from all necessary agencies, the architect ends the design stages. They now have a plan that includes all the documents required to hand off to the contractor to start construction. A landscape architect's job does not end with the final submission of plans.

Even though they pass the active part of the process on to contractors and construction companies, the architect still participates. They are still involved in this process because if the contractors have issues at any point during the physical construction process, they'll need the architects and engineers to step in with a request for information RFI or submittals to correct the plan to account for the discrepancy.

For example, while constructing, the contractor may find a pipe that was not noted anywhere on any surveys. Depending on the regulations, the architect may redesign the plans, or the engineer might recalculate grades of new piping. Architects will also perform site visits to inspect the landscaping process. They make sure it adheres to the originally approved plans. Having the designer of the project visit the site can help mitigate any lapses in communication, from the ideas on paper to the physical execution.

The close-out reviews the accomplishments of the project and confirms the finished project fulfilled the expectations of the client. The architect then compiles all the documents, including drawings, manuals, renderings and specifications.

The plan transfers over to the owners in case they ever want to make changes or updates or need to reference the original source materials in the future. Beyond abiding by the technical aspects of the project, the close-out gives the team a chance to reflect on success, review metrics and consider ways to improve in the future.


Is a Landscape Design Plan For You?

The garden landscape incorporates both soft and hard features. Soft landscaping is concerned with trees, shrubs, lawns, and living components. Hard landscaping is concerned with the solid features such as paths, paving, walls and structures. Most competent landscapers and gardeners have an understanding of both soft and hard landscaping. In this course you will learn about how to take pre-planning information on site, the principles of garden design, what makes different garden styles, creating drawings, constructiion methodology behind different types of walls and surfaces, use of landscape features, applying knowledge to garden and park design, and perceptual tricks designers use to make use of garden space.

noted that a landscape plan (especially a roof- landscape components change during the planning Whether you are providing multiple sets of plans.

Landscape Design Terms With Definitions

Designing, developing, and maintaining a landscape architecture project is a process — that's why it is important to collaborate with expert design professionals to do it right. Hiring an extraordinary landscape architect is essential to ensuring your site-specific project is aligns with the design vision and meets all specifications. In this guide, we'll give you a general overview of the process and a landscape architecture project and the steps needed from design to completion. The job of a landscape architect requires excellence in a variety of skill sets due to the position's versatile nature. Architects fill the roles of the planner, communicator, designer, innovator, problem-solver and calculator. The success of a landscaping project relies on the extent of the planning and research done in the beginning, so you want someone who is thorough. However, it's equally important to utilize creative and flexible problem solving abilities during the project. All construction projects experience changes throughout the building process but landscape architects must contend with a degree of unpredictability brought by natural sites. As a result, architects must be ready to problem solve, reinvent and offer new solutions based on changes in the job site, client objectives and restrictions that may be posed by nature. Using an organized, systematic approach to this extensive process gives a project the best chance of ending with a successful outcome and higher return on investment.

Landscape Plan Review

The Partnership has developed 8 free, scalable, water-efficient, front-yard landscape design templates. These are permit ready with your site specific modifications and user selectable options. However, there are some criteria that must be met in order for the plans to be applicable to your site:. Before downloading the template files below, learn more about the types of documentation offered for each template.

Putting plan to paper or computer is crucial in designing your landscape.

Landscape Representation: The Role of Architectural Plans in Parks and Public Spaces

We are currently in Beta version and updating this search on a regular basis. Frequently imperceptible to the inhabitant, the architectural plans of landscape designs are unquestionably the best tool for understanding certain relationships between elements and the strategic organization of the work. They are therefore an essential part of any good architecture project. The distribution and type of vegetation, topography levels, the relationships between the preexisting urban or natural context, the possible routes and incorporated activities, and the materiality and the dimensional precision required for its construction are some of the considerations that are usually reiterated in this type of representation. The result permits the communication of intentions in an organized way, while clearly exposing the concerns of the authors; for this reason, we invite you to review a series of different examples of architectural plans of public spaces that enables a comprehensive approach to the role of each project.

What’s a Conceptual Landscape Design?

Security concerns have made the integration of building architecture and site design increasingly critical. The close collaboration of architect , landscape architect , security specialist, and structural engineer can result in both responsive and inspirational designs. Indeed, there is a growing recognition that site security measures and design excellence, need not be mutually exclusive. The widespread deployment of precast concrete 'anything' sprinkled throughout our most valued landscapes, resulted in many observers reacting negatively to the aesthetic and impact. In many cases, the heavy objects were still not effective, as illustrated below. The environments we build today in response to security concerns will reflect the values and ideals of the free and democratic society we are committed to protect and preserve. A combination of concrete planters without plants and pre-cast concrete drainage structure rings protect the guardhouse and augment the vehicular plate barrier. Concrete jersey barriers line the road and partially block the road with the Chevy Suburban serving as a rolling gate to allow authorized vehicles to pass.

The success of a landscaping project relies on the extent of the planning and This job requires a diversified set of skills to fulfill the tasks of.

Create a site plan

What if we told you that you could make your own plan — allowing you to bring your own vision to life? You can produce a unique landscape plan in just five easy steps:. This step might actually take the most work because it involves you going out and getting up-close and personal with your current space.

Drawing a Landscape Plan, The Base Map

You are working with a great landscape designer or landscape architect hopefully us. The terms below are commonly used in the landscape industry here in the Pacific Northwest. Feel free to use this list to ensure you understand your designer or to impress them with your expertise. Aeration, Aerator - The process of changing soil so more oxygen can enter, usually by using an aerator, which is a machine that pulls cores from the ground.

Check the required information listed in specific development applications. The following general checklist will guide you on the information that is needed on your plans.

We have extensive experience working on a diverse range of projects — large or small. These include:. Landscape Plan Sets are the core of our landscape and subdivision offering. Typically these include:. These plans and drawings are collated and presented in a set for lodgement with a Resource Consent Application, or as requested by Council Planners as a Section 92 request or Condition of Consent. From here the fun begins and we can turn the plans into reality.

The construction plan is the set of landscape plans and drawings for Installation. Their purpose is to provide all of the necessary information to install the project in one set of plans. These plans will include the layout of all landscape components including pathways, walls, planters, patios, ponds — all of the structures of the design. Spot elevations are important for drainage, for a smooth walking surface, and for comfortable and safe steps.