Plant care and cultivation

Plant care and cultivation

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Houseplants are not living indoors by choice. The secret to keeping a houseplant alive is to replicate its natural growing zone by giving it the amount of humidity, light, and water it prefers. Most houseplants fall into two categories, tropical including ferns, palms, vines or succulent such as varieties of aloe, aeonium, and echeveria. The most popular houseplant of this decade, the fiddle-leaf fig, would rather be living in a West African rain forest than in your living room, so prepare to coddle it. Where to start when it comes to houseplant care?

  • Growing Indoor Plants with Success
  • Growing Your Own Food
  • Plants that grow in water: A no-fuss, mess-free technique for growing houseplants
  • 7 tips for keeping your plants alive
  • Growing Peppers on the ISS Is Just the Start of Space Farming
  • Houseplant care
  • How to care for cacti and succulents
  • How to Grow and Care for your Golden Pothos
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Growing Indoor Plants with Success

Unburdened by the constraints of gravity, red and green peppers jut out at degree angles inside the Artificial Plant Habitat APH , a sort of space terrarium not much larger than a microwave. Four chile pepper plants stand effortlessly upright, despite the dozens of glossy fruits weighing them down. The peppers whirl around their heads until the astronauts catch them and tape them against a board to photograph. Back on Earth, the Plant Habitat team of engineers and plant scientists are observing and conferring with the astronauts.

Of the 26 peppers in this batch, only the 14 finest will stay on the International Space Station for consumption. The rest will be wrapped in foil, sealed in a Ziploc bag, then frozen at a brisk —80 degrees, until they can come roaring back to Earth in the next cargo capsule to be studied later. Now, after a day growth cycle, the astronauts remove the plants from the module and trash them.

Project Plant Habitat is complete. Since , NASA has experimented with growing lettuces, brassicas, and zinnias in space, an endeavor that relies on highly specialized technology over 50 years in the making. While controlled environmental agriculture is not new, the APH experiment represents an evolution in specialized growth habitats. Its more than sensors control and monitor temperature, humidity, and carbon dioxide.

It waters itself. As part of the project team, she played a crucial role in preparing the seeds that were sent hurtling into space in July and guiding the astronauts through maintaining the plants in orbit. But you're missing that crunch. You're missing that fresh pop of flavor, the green flavors that's not there in that packaged food. The sensory experience of growing productive crops can also help mitigate the psychological effects of long-term space travel. Spencer says the team cracked open the door of the APH every day to observe their vegetable companions with all the tenderness of home gardeners.

When harvest day came, they batted their bounty around the ISS, taking selfies and delighting in watching the fruits pirouetting around the spacecraft.

Even when the sharp heat of that first bite made them scrunch up their faces, the astronauts still reveled in the chiles, which they ate with fajita beef and rehydrated tomatoes and artichokes. They are the new extraterrestrial pride of New Mexico. Working with NASA, Bosland cultivated a variety that could accommodate both the nutritional needs of astronauts as well as the logistics of growing a plant in space.

Seeds were planted along with a specially-developed fertilizer in a soil-less, arselite clay medium, and each quadrant was equipped with salt-absorbing wicks that protected the seedlings from scorching due to the saline residue of the fertilizer.

Once they germinated, the astronauts thinned the plants until only four remained. The plus sensors controlled every aspect of their growth conditions, including adjusting the colors of the lights to stunt their growth and keep them at a manageable two-foot height.

Despite the highly-controlled growing environment, microgravity affected the plants in some unforeseen ways. Without a gravitational tug, the flowers and their pollen-laden stamen grew facing upward.

Ironically, that thwarted how the APH was supposed to pollinate them—by using fans that pulsed soft bursts of air meant to mobilize pollen, the way a breeze would. Instead, astronauts had to fill in as knock-off bees, manually pollinating them one plant at a time. Microgravity also posed challenges to watering. As demonstrated by the Canadian Space Agency , water behaves differently in microgravity than on Earth.

Unable to fall, flow, or ascend, water creates an aqueous layer enveloping the surface of whatever it clings to. The system recycled water in a closed loop; the entire experiment used approximately the same amount of water as an office water cooler.

Then any water unabsorbed by the plant would evaporate after humidity sensors created the arid environment peppers crave. But the leaves or stems, the roots, maybe we can squeeze some of those nutrients back out. Bioregenerative practices are the name of the game for long-term space crop production. The challenges astronauts face to farm in space are steep, from lifeless soil and harsh and dusty conditions to water that must either be extracted from ice or brought from Earth and recycled.

Recycling organic material will be essential for sustained cultivation in an environment bereft of soil microbiomes. Earthbound farmers who also seek to restore and maintain soil health have developed regenerative techniques to steward interdependent animal, fungi, and plant ecosystems that recycle organic material, create appropriate growing conditions, and amplify genetic diversity. Translating these ideas for space use will guide the future of off-planet farming.

For example, in February, an international group of researchers published an editorial arguing that autotrophs like algae and cyanobacteria must form the backbone of a bioregenerative system for spaceflights because of their talent in recycling air and water through photosynthesis and transpiration. They play a crucial part in ecosystems that sustain life on Earth, and their role as energy synthesizers is a piece of the regenerative puzzle.

As one step toward that idea, researchers at the University of Louisiana have experimented with humanure through growing microalgae on the ISS in an effort to recycle human waste into biomass.

Though the experiment found that the system was not a fully closed loop and would require external inputs, microalgae were able to reclaim substantial levels of oxygen and biomass from urine and wastewater on the ISS. Using fungi to break down carbon-rich asteroids into organic soil may allow for complex agricultural systems and enough green space to sustain people in a terraformed habitat.

Techniques for energy recycling and waste management have played integral roles in how agriculture has developed on Earth. But the peppers of Plant Habitat mark the start of translating those techniques for a space habitat.

The experiment is helping gather the data necessary to determine the nutritional content of crops grown in space, and therefore how many people they can feed, and for how long.

From the day they left to the day they came back, they would be growing them. WIRED content is editorially independent and produced by our journalists. Learn more about this program. Her work focuses on creating healthy relationships between people and their surrounding ecosystem through soil regeneration and food sovereignty.

Read more. Melanie Canales. Topics Resilience Residency space International Space Station farming agriculture food food science health.

Growing Your Own Food

C ustomer Notice — Due to current courier demand , there may be a delay in delivery , we apologise for any inconvenience. Please Note: Our next dispatch date will be Tuesday 4th January. When to Plant Heather plants supplied in pots can be planted at any time of the year when the ground is not frozen or waterlogged. Where to Plant Heathers are best planted in beds totally devoted to themselves, except for the addition of a few conifers or small evergreen shrubs to provide contrast in height and form. Plant heathers in open areas, along pathways or up hillsides.

lunaria plant Top Rated Seller. Botrychium lunaria is a perennial fern growing from a short, erect rhizome. After flowering, it dies., the trophophore.

Plants that grow in water: A no-fuss, mess-free technique for growing houseplants

This is partly because I like everything about it; not just the psychoactive effect of combusting and inhaling it, but also the way it looks, from the slender serrated fan leaves to the densely packed flowers shimmering with a crystal-like dusting called trichomes, these tiny, hair-like structures are home to the high-producing compound THC. When I was a kid, my family had a small farm so small that it hardly qualified as a farm by Vermont standards that started with a cow and grew to include a pig, chickens and a flock of sheep that grazed the field beyond our vegetable garden. In addition to having a hand in bringing eggs, bacon, chicken and milk to the table, my siblings and I saw how wool becomes yarn. We learned how to make rhubarb wine the first kid down the stairs in the morning usually gave the crock full of fermenting fruit a good stir , how to bake bread on a wood stove the Dutch oven came in clutch and how to turn the sap from the trees around us into maple syrup. In short, we were doing farm-to-table before farm-to-table was even a thing, and it gave me a keen appreciation of the effort that goes into things that I otherwise would have taken for granted. The 10 best SoCal pot shops worth seeing in person right now. From art galleries and speakeasies to deli themes and circus vibes, dispensaries have gone next-level.

7 tips for keeping your plants alive

Jade plants are easy to care for, and they make great houseplants. Including tips for water, fertilizer, pruning, flowering, soil, sunlight, and much more! Jade plants are a staple in my indoor plant collection, and are super easy to care for! Some people really struggle with keeping them alive, and many think they are difficult to grow.

Greenhouse Supplies. Key Learning Objectives.

Growing Peppers on the ISS Is Just the Start of Space Farming

Chives are a gorgeous edible flowering perennial member of the onion family. They're also an excellent pest-deterrent companion plant. Chives are a cold-hardy, cool-season perennial that should be planted in the early to mid-spring for a summer harvest. When planting this herb, keep in mind that if the flowers are allowed to fully develop. Common chives Allium schoenoprasum and garlic chives Allium tuberosum are the two types of chives usually cultivated in home gardens:.

Houseplant care

Air plants are adorable — more like pets than plants. As the name implies, air plants absorb nutrients and water from the air through scales on their leaves. Native to the Andes, this air plant Tillandsia tectorum has unusually large white scales that create a fuzzy effect on leaves. Photo by: Paul T. In the wild, they use their roots to hang on the bark of trees, feeding on rainwater and bird poop they absorb through their leaves. There are more than species and varieties of air plants, also called Tillandsias. They usually have strap-like leaves that grow in a rosette pattern with new growth coming from the center of the plant. The foliage may be silver or green, spiky or fuzzy, and some produce flowers in shades of red, pink or purple that last from a few days to a few months.

The amount of light depends on the plants you are growing, so we suggest doing research on the.

How to care for cacti and succulents

What's spiky, decorative, and green all over? That would be aloe vera , a succulent houseplant that's just as pretty as it is practical. This easygoing desert native tolerates forgetful waterers and beginner gardeners while offering a hidden bonus within its thick, pointy leaves. The gel inside acts as a traditional sunburn soother , relieving redness when applied topically to mild burns.

How to Grow and Care for your Golden Pothos

Consumer helplineCacti and succulents are now a very common houseplant and caring for your cacti and succulents is important. They come in a vast range of shapes and sizes from the petite to the grand. Cacti and succulents fall into the same group because they both have characteristics meaning they can survive in arid environments. The native habitat for most cacti and succulents is a desert. Therefore, they will grow best in lots of light, good drainage, high temperatures and low moisture.

Unburdened by the constraints of gravity, red and green peppers jut out at degree angles inside the Artificial Plant Habitat APH , a sort of space terrarium not much larger than a microwave. Four chile pepper plants stand effortlessly upright, despite the dozens of glossy fruits weighing them down.

The ZZ plant is a plant with tall, leafy fronds that are a perfect fit for striking interior designs. Name — Zamioculcas zamiifolia Family — Araceae. Soil — soil mix Foliage — evergreen Propagation — cuttings, crown division. With a few minutes of care every now and then, your ZZ plant will keep sending up shoots like a set of natural fireworks! Repot a ZZ plant that has just been purchased to a pot that is slightly larger in size , 1 inch wider across than the previous 2. This is only possible in areas with very mild winters.

Plus, there are fewer pests no fungus gnats! If you want to learn more about plants that grow in water, read on! There are many reasons to include plants that grow in water in your indoor garden.