Top ten vegetable garden plants
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There is nothing quite like a home garden to supply you and your family with a variety of nutritious vegetables that can be enjoyed fresh or preserved for later use. When space is limited, a plentiful supply of crops such as tomatoes, peppers, eggplant and okra can be grown with a few properly cared-for plants. Try to select a site that receives at least 8 to 10 hours of sunlight a day. Select a location that is conveniently located near the house and a water supply. The soil should have a good texture and be well-drained.
WATCH RELATED VIDEO: Top 10 Vegetables to grow in Fall u0026 through WinterContent:
- New Vegetable Plants to Look for in 2021
- Vegetable Gardening: 10 Must-Grow Plants
- The Best Crops to Garden in Ohio and Kentucky
- The Best Crops to Garden in Virginia and South Carolina
- Illinois Vegetable Garden Guide
- Planning a Vegetable Garden
- A Beginner's Guide to Vegetable Gardening
New Vegetable Plants to Look for in 2021
It is designed to tell you the optimum time to plant each crop in your home garden. Simply choose your location and start planting. It provides crop and planting information for growing zones 6a, 6b, 7b, 8a and 8b in Alabama and is available in both the Apple and Google stores. Asparagus is one of the most valuable of the early garden vegetables and is adaptable to freezer storage. It is a perennial vegetable that does well in Alabama. Asparagus can be started from seed, but starting from year-old crowns is recommended.
Set crowns out in the early spring. A common planting method is to dig a trench 10 to 12 inches wide and about as deep. Incorporate rotted manure or compost in the bottom of the trench before setting the crowns 12 inches apart in rows 36 to 48 inches apart. Place the crowns on top of a small amount of loose soil in the bottom of the trench.
Spread the roots out and cover the crowns with 2 to 3 inches of soil. As the plants begin to grow, pull the soil in around crowns and cover them until the trench is filled. For a family of four, a foot row should be sufficient. Do not harvest asparagus shoots or spears until the second year after the crowns are planted.
Only harvest for about two weeks. Stop harvesting when spear diameter is less than that of a pencil. This is necessary for the fleshy root system to develop and to store food reserves for growth the following year. Plants harvested too early after planting become weak and spindly. After the third year of growth, harvesting usually can continue for 6 to 8 weeks. Stop harvesting during the late spring and allow the ferns to grow.
After the first hard winter freeze, cut the plants back to ground level to allow new growth and development of tender spears. Harvest the spears daily when they are 5 to 7 inches tall. Snap off above the soil line. Harvest in the early morning and use or refrigerate immediately. Both bush and pole are commonly grown in Alabama. The bush type is popular because of its early maturity. Most bush bean varieties are ready to harvest about 55 to 65 days after planting. Pole-type beans require some support on which to grow.
They also require a few more days to mature but continue to bear longer than the bush varieties. They usually require about 70 to 80 days from seed to harvest. Green beans, sometimes called snap beans, reach their best stage of edible maturity when the seed within the pod is about one-third mature.
Lima beans, sometimes called butter beans, can be grown either as pole or bush-type beans. There are several types of pole and bush lima beans; generally pole beans take longer for pods to mature than the bush type. They also produce during slightly higher temperatures than green beans.
Beans will not withstand frost. Therefore, make the first planting after the danger of the last killing frost in the early spring.
Beans planted in cold soils are more susceptible to seedling diseases. Make successive plantings of bush snap beans at 2- to 3-week intervals. Cease plantings when the beans are forced to mature under high temperatures, which cause poor quality. Plant bush beans about 1 inch deep in rows 30 to 36 inches apart.
Space the plants 2 to 3 inches apart in the row. Lima beans require a little more space, about 3 to 6 inches. Beans will not produce well when they are crowded. Spacing may be achieved by planting seed and then thinning as plants grow. Bean roots grow close to the soil surface, so limit cultivation to the top 1 inch of the soil to prevent damage. Beans suffer from drought easily so provide adequate water throughout the growing season, especially at bloom and during pod setting.
Harvest snap beans when pods are almost full size but before seeds begin to bulge, usually when seeds are the size of pin heads. Harvest lima beans when pods and seeds reach full size but are still fresh and juicy. Use only the seeds because the pods are tough and fibrous. Broccoli is one of the best fall vegetables. Broccoli has a central green head that, when removed, forms smaller lateral heads.
Broccoli is best grown from transplants that can be purchased locally or grown at home. Broccoli does best in a moderate to highly fertile, well-drained soil. Space plants about 12 to 18 inches apart in rows 36 inches apart. Maintain a fairly rapid growth rate throughout the season with adequate water and fertilizer. Approximately 3 to 4 weeks after transplanting, apply a sidedress application of a small amount of calcium nitrate to stimulate growth.
Broccoli heads are a mass of flower buds. Harvest the heads before flowers open and show yellow. When ready to harvest, the central head usually measures 3 to 6 inches across. Lateral heads that develop after harvesting the central head are smaller. When harvesting, cut 3 to 4 inches of the stem and accompanying leaves with the head. Use or freeze broccoli soon after harvesting.
Cabbage grows best during cool temperatures. It does not withstand excessive heat common to Alabama summers and, therefore, should be planted as an early spring or fall crop. Cabbage can be either seeded directly or transplanted but does best when transplanted. From seeding to transplanting is 3 to 4 weeks. Plant spacing affects head size with close spacing producing smaller heads. Recommended spacing is about 12 inches apart in rows 36 inches apart.
Harvest cabbage when it reaches adequate size, depending upon variety and growing conditions. Firmness is preferred to soft heads, especially for storage. Mature, firm heads can be left on the plant in the garden for about 2 weeks in early summer. Cabbage can be stored successfully in the refrigerator for a month or two. Cantaloupes are a warm-season crop, requiring a relatively long growing season of 80 to days.
Cantaloupes can be grown from transplants but do best when direct-seeded in the garden. Place rows at least 5 feet apart with hills spaced 2 to 3 feet apart in the rows. Plant seed. A sidedress application of fertilizer when the plants start to run greatly increases yields. Avoid over-watering as the fruits mature, because low sugar content and poor flavor result.
Harvest cantaloupes at one-half slip stage. Exercise care when walking through the plants to avoid injuring the foliage.
Plants can be trained during the early developmental stages to grow in rows to enable easier harvesting. Carrots are planted 4 to 6 weeks before the anticipated last spring freeze. Broadcast seeds in a wide bed or plant in rows.
Since carrot seeds sprout slowly, it may be necessary to water two or three times to get them up. Poor stands often are owing to poorly prepared seedbeds or crusty soil, which inhibits emergence. After the carrots are up and growing, thin to 1- or 2-inch spacing. Water them regularly, especially after they reach the size of a pencil. Moisture fluctuations cause carrots to crack, be of poor quality, and sometimes rot.
Keep cultivation to a minimum and use only to control weeds. Depending on variety, it generally takes 2. Carrots are best when harvested small, not more than an inch in diameter at the crown.
Cauliflower probably requires more exact growing conditions than any other home garden vegetable. Cauliflower requires cool but frost-free temperatures and a humid climate to develop center heads or curds. Cold temperatures can cause stunting and premature heading. Varieties differ in plant size, curd size, and in days to maturity, ranging from 70 to days.
Cauliflower does best as a fall crop in most areas of Alabama. Space plants about 18 inches apart in rows 30 to 36 inches apart. Exposure to sunlight discolors the head and produces off flavors. To prevent this, gather the long leaves over the head and tie them together.
Vegetable Gardening: 10 Must-Grow Plants
Top ten list of the easiest vegetables to grow for the beginner gardener. Our list of easy to grow vegetables all have a good chance of first time success and will give you the skills you need to expand your gardening prowess. All the vegetables on the list are relatively trouble free to grow and tend to perform well in our changeable climate. This is an unnumbered top ten list but we'll start with what may be the easiest plant to grow when starting out. Growing any plants from the is an undemanding process and can boost confidence in any grower during their first season in the vegetable garden. Apart from regular watering in warm weather and some hoeing being the rows, onions, shallots, garlic and leeks can all be grown with very little effort.
Companion planting is a great way to maximize the efficiency of your garden. For almost every vegetable you grow, there is likely to be a beneficial.
The Best Crops to Garden in Ohio and Kentucky
It is designed to tell you the optimum time to plant each crop in your home garden. Simply choose your location and start planting. It provides crop and planting information for growing zones 6a, 6b, 7b, 8a and 8b in Alabama and is available in both the Apple and Google stores. Asparagus is one of the most valuable of the early garden vegetables and is adaptable to freezer storage.
It is much healthier to grow your own food. You are fully aware of what has gone into the product and know what you are eating.
The Best Crops to Garden in Virginia and South Carolina
Track your order through my orders. Wondering which vegetables you should grow at home? From pots to plots, there are easy to grow vegetables to suit gardens of every size. Growing vegetables isn't complicated. Here's our infographic, which we've also broken down into handy, bite-size pieces to show you which are the easiest vegetables to grow and some useful tips on how to grow your own.
Illinois Vegetable Garden Guide
By: Jessica Brown Updated: Apr 7,Grocery store produce departments are filled with fruits and vegetables from countries such as Chile and South Africa, along with varieties from across the United States. Yet, many produce eaters are looking a little closer to home for their vegetables supplies -- their own yards. According to a recent National Gardening Survey, in , an estimated 70 percent of all U. This trend toward vegetable gardening can also be seen in a transition of residential yard environments.
Most people tend to think of fall as the end of the gardening season. It's when you pull all the spent crops, clean up debris, and get ready to put plants.
Planning a Vegetable Garden
Not only can cool-weather gardening result in sweeter vegetables, there are other benefits, too. Benson recommends starting simple, taking it slow and not being obsessed with perfection. You are going to get fungi and insects.
A Beginner's Guide to Vegetable Gardening
Detroit residents have ample choices for vegetables to grow in their gardens. Frost and cold weather are normal for the state, and the growing season is shorter than southern states. So, residents have to pick the best vegetables to grow in Detroit to ensure they reap a good harvest. A majority of the planting takes places in April or May, and fall crops can be planted in August. You want a majority of your garden area to receive full sun, and be sure to have well-draining soil.
Florida gardens are unique in that many growers have their off-season in the summer. Some of following crops, however, can withstand the heat and keep your vegetable garden productive.
Articles available here have been published in the Leaflet e-newsletter. Leaflet subscribers receive emails with seasonal advice, gardening tips and fact-based information on how to deal with pest and garden problems. To do a search of past Leaflet articles, use the search widget at the top of the web page. Subscribe to the Leaflet here! Hardenbergia is a winter delight, blanketing fences and arbors with an abundance of purple flowers January to spring
This has been one of the most often asked questions which is encouraging as one of the first pieces of advice is start small! The following might help you take the next steps to growing vegetables in a small garden. Grow something different.