Bonnard landscape paintings

Bonnard landscape paintings

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Bonnard landscape paintings

Bonnard, Pierre-Auguste (1867–1947) was a French painter and draftsman.

Born into a well-to-do bourgeois family, Bonnard’s childhood was spent largely at his family's country estate in Normandy. He attended the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, where he studied under Jean-Léon Gérôme (1824–1904). At the age of 24, Bonnard settled in Paris, making his living primarily as a decorator. In his spare time, he was able to support himself with occasional work for the Académie Julian.

Bonnard's earliest works displayed a loose, Impressionistic style that he continued to practice throughout his life. From 1900 onwards, Bonnard experimented with new techniques, particularly the use of light. He made his debut as a mature painter with his "Composition with Monet's Water Lilies" exhibited at the Salon d'Automne in 1905. As a painter of interiors, he was largely unsuccessful, but his "Still Life with Glass", exhibited in the 1900 Salon d'Automne, has come to be regarded as one of his most influential works. In 1917 he married Suzanne Valadon (1865–1938), who is often considered to be the greatest French female model and painter. The marriage ended in divorce in 1926.

At the 1920 Salon d'Automne, Bonnard exhibited The Moon: Night. The painting was reproduced several times in France, in the United States, and in Brazil. It led Bonnard to an early fame and to the creation of a style of landscape painting (l'esthétique de l'air) that he practised in varying degrees throughout his life. The style is characterized by a combination of the naturalistic treatment of objects and buildings, on a high-keyed ground and the use of bright, almost theatrical light. This was, however, never to the detriment of the traditional "définition des objets", a quality that he would never abandon. Bonnard's most famous paintings include The Poppy, The Seine at the Pont des Arts and the "Pond" with the Pink and Blue Boat.

During the interwar period, Bonnard's painting style remained a reflection of the classical tradition and the work shown at the 1937 salon, the only one held during the Second World War, consisted mainly of landscapes and still lifes.

Jean Metzinger (1883–1955) was a prominent figure in the Blaise Cendrars circle (1905–1912) who brought about an important departure in modern painting in French art. This was especially true for the young Bonnard. Metzinger's work was not very successful and he died in obscurity. At the 1911 Salon d'Automne, Metzinger exhibited Le Rivet d'Amour (The Anchor of Love), which is still considered one of his most masterpieces.

The style introduced by Cendrars would later become known as Cubism and its most prominent exponent was Georges Braque. As a Cubist painter, Bonnard developed what he called the "déformation des volumes" in his work. As a result, he turned from a painter who represented the world as it is into a painter who would show the world as he wants it to be. The result of this was a new way of painting that has since then been termed "Cubist painting".

Bonnard's other important works include:

The "Pink and Blue Boat" (Les Barque Bleue et Rouge) (1912)

"The Seine at the Pont des Arts" (Le Pont des Arts) (1913)

"The Little Bridge" (Le Petit pont) (1913)

"The Little Bridge" (La Petite Anse) (1914)

"The Window" (La Fenêtre) (1914)

"The Window" (La Fenêtre) (1917)

"The Garden of the Artist's House" (Le Jardin du Peintre) (1919)

"The Window at the Villa Jacquemin" (La Fenêtre du Villa Jacquemin) (1920)

"Sleeping in the Window" (Les Réveils du dormeur) (1921)

"The Window" (La Fenêtre) (1923)

"The Rose Garden" (La Boulangerie) (1924)

"The Window on the Seine" (La Fenêtre sur la Seine) (1926)

"The Green Boat" (Le Vaporeau vert) (1926)

"At the Window" (Les Réveils) (1927)

"The Window" (La Fenêtre) (1930)


"The Child" (Le Petit enfant) (1921)

"The Window" (La Fenêtre) (1921)

"The Window" (La Fenêtre) (1930)

"The Window" (La Fenêtre) (1930)



"Eugène Dierick" in The Dictionary of Art by Jane Turner, 1996.

Category:1879 births

Category:1954 deaths

Category:19th-century French painters

Category:French male painters

Category:20th-century French painters

Category:Burials at Montparnasse Cemetery

Category:Artists from Paris

Category:19th-century male artists

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