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Sustainable landscape design strategies

Sustainable landscape design strategies


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Architecture Urban Planning Construction Engineering. From academic year Laurea magistrale programmes under the School of Architecture accept students only in the first semester of the academic year September intake. This programme aims at providing a multidisciplinary background for architects, with a special focus on environmental sustainability and landscape design. The concept of sustainability is associated with a high quality transformation of landscape, from the macro-scale of urban planning, to the micro-scale of technical details, how the varied scales connect and interrelate with each other. This method is oriented to a physical, social and technical approach, passing over a close specialized theme vision. The international programme involves also workshops, study trips and summer schools.

Content:
  • Sustainable Landscape Design
  • Visual impact assessments
  • Resources for sustainable landscaping
  • Sustainable landscape architecture
  • Principles of a Sustainable Landscape Design
  • Sustainable Landscapes Rating Tool
  • Landscaping Ideas: 16 Simple Solutions for Sustainability
WATCH RELATED VIDEO: Water Conservation: Landscape Design Strategies

Sustainable Landscape Design

Architect JL. Commissioning Authority H. Commissioning Authority Pitchford Diversified, Inc. The 24, sf. Center for Sustainable Landscapes CSL at Phipps Conservatory and Botanical Gardens was conceived as a world class building that provides both a home for administrative and classroom functions and a tool to further the institution's stated mission, "to advance sustainability and promote human and environmental well-being through action and research.

The result of a unique facilitated integrated design process, the CSL generates all its own energy, captures and treats all water on-site, and is the first and only project to attain the planet's highest sustainable building certifications:.

Starting with a dilapidated brownfield which was once used as a fueling and supply station for the City of Pittsburgh's Department of Public Works, the 2. As part of the public guest experience at Phipps, which attracts more than , visitors a year, the CSL maximizes public interaction with sustainable technology. Phipps Conservatory and Botanical Gardens' mission is to inspire and educate all with the beauty and importance of plants; to advance sustainability and promote human and environmental well-being through action and research; and to celebrate its historic glasshouse.

The mission of the organization is evident in the beauty and spirit of the Center for Sustainable Landscapes. A restored brownfield is now a productive place that takes what it needs from what is available to it and provides a healthy environment for life to thrive. True to the Phipps mission, the ongoing work at the CSL is based on recognizing vital and positive connections between people, plants, beauty, health, and focuses on awakening children to nature and encouraging sustainable and healthy lifestyles.

The Center for Sustainable Landscapes CSL at Phipps Conservatory and Botanical Gardens incorporates green building technologies, passive strategies, and natural processes in tandem to generate all its own energy and treat and reuse all water captured on its site. Recognizing that public gardens, museums, and other institutions are uniquely positioned to demonstrate the benefits of leading with one's values, Phipps sought to design the CSL as the nucleus around which a holistic rethinking of building, operational, and public engagement protocols could evolve to inform the experience of every visitor that walks through Phipps' doors.

The CSL is located on the Phipps campus' southwest corner, nestled into the hillside on a 2. The site had suffered decades of environmental devastation. Underground gas tanks formerly used to fuel municipal vehicles were cleaned for reuse as storage for sanitary water. Indigenous, sustainable plants and soil were brought in to rebuild the hillside nearly from scratch.

Today, a terraced garden leads downhill from the roof to the ground floor of the CSL, allowing visitors to walk through a trail of native plant communities, including wetland, rain garden, water's edge, shade garden, lowland hardwood slope, oak woodland, and upland groves.

Between the surrounding landscape and the building's green roof, over species are represented, providing habitat for local wildlife and serving as a demonstration for residential application of native plants.

This transformation demonstrates both the aesthetic and functional benefits of sustainably-focused site restoration. The Center's landscape in the fall and winter. Photo Credits: Paul g. In order to achieve the building's net-zero energy goal, the CSL team had to work together toward an efficient, functional goal. The building envelope and high-performance wall and roof insulation reduce heating losses and cooling loads.

A BMS monitors, controls, and provides feedback to ensure efficient operations. The building operates atSurplus power is directed to the other campus facilities. Photo Credit: Denmarsh Photography, Inc. Installation of the geothermal system. Human health and safety are paramount considerations for any Living Building project; with this in mind, every material element of the CSL was subjected to a thorough analysis of ingredients and their sources to ensure transparency.

Pushing manufacturers to closely examine their supply and manufacturing chains, forging solutions, and training construction crews and subcontractors to properly document materials, the CSL project team emerged with findings which will ease this important process for future projects. The project site can store enough water on-site to meet the building's needs while reducing impact on water conveyance and municipal sewage treatment, as well as its associated costs.

Rainwater is captured from not only the CSL site but the substantial rooftop space of the adjacent Tropical Forest Conservatory. Among the storm water treatment system's principal components is a lagoon which replicates natural water treatment processes that occur in wetlands and marshes while providing habitat for native plants, fish, and aquatic turtles.

Sanitary water from the CSL and adjacent maintenance building is treated by a constructed wetland that utilizes plants, sand filtration, and UV filtration to disinfect the water to gray water standards. An Epiphany Solar Water System, in one of its first deployments anywhere, uses parabolic solar dishes to generate heat and power multi-stage distillation units to further treat sanitary system water to pharmaceutical standards.

This water is used to water Phipps' sensitive orchid collection. Sanitary water and constructed wetlands. View to the Center from the Lagoon. Photo Credit: Brian Cohen. In keeping with the outreach efforts of Phipps, the CSL is designed to maximize public interaction, beauty, and inspiration. Phipps' is also conducting conservation psychology research on the effectiveness of art and communication as tools for changing the way that people interact with the world around them.

As increasing numbers of people discover the vision and goals at work at the CSL, they will be encouraged to mount similar projects at the home, business, and community levels. Additionally, in the CSL's dedicated indoor and outdoor classroom spaces, Phipps gives area children new ways to connect to nature. With a goal to operate as efficiently and elegantly as possible, the design and construction challenges faced by the CSL team were without historic precedent.

A sweeping palette of technologies had to be coordinated with passive design strategies to achieve the building's goals of net-zero energy and water. The sun, earth, and wind had to be harnessed to heat and cool the building as natural methods cleaned wastewater for reuse; a massive underground system of cisterns and other storage infrastructure had to manage storm water.

A brownfield had to be restored to showcase native plants and provide wildlife habitat, and the overall project had to comply with four rigorous certification systems. To ensure that the CSL would push the global green movement forward, Phipps opted to restrict their core design team to talents within Pittsburgh and Pennsylvania. At the same time, Phipps recognized the value of engaging an international community. By including the University of Pittsburgh and Carnegie Mellon in the design process, the team gained the knowledge and experience of professors and graduate students from Germany, Singapore, China, Bulgaria, and Iran.

Phipps decided early on that this revolutionary facility required an equally revolutionary design and planning process, one which leveraged geographical proximity to maximize in-person contact and relied on in-depth, hands-on understanding of the local landscape and climate.

The team utilized an integrated design methodology requiring the architect, engineers, contractors, and other advisors to work together in person to create one-of-a-kind building systems informed by one another and operating in tandem. In sharp contrast to conventional design phases, in which compartmentalized pieces of a given project are completed independently and slotted into the system at a later point, the entire CSL team met for multiple day-long design charrettes throughout the process.

The resulting increase in knowledge and ability to take maximum advantage of synergistic opportunities proved essential to bringing the CSL vision to life. While planning and designing to a high standard are necessary components, maintaining the same commitment through the construction and occupation periods presents additional challenges. Sub-contractors received training to help them not just understand the processes specific to this job, but why these protocols were in place.

Demonstrating that their involvement in a project like the CSL built their professional capacity and translates into unique skill sets for future projects helped ensure contractor buy-in and consistency. Team members collaborate during an Integrated Design Charrette. Operating the building has been a learning process for both the facilities team and occupants. Plug load monitors at each work station, quarterly comfort surveys, and monthly occupant meetings ensure that the CSL's performance continues to improve and occupants are engaged, informed, and above all, comfortable.

The CSL is designed to operate as efficiently and elegantly as a flower, including harvesting its own energy and water. Natural daylight floods office, stairwells, and circulation spaces, contributing to reduced energy loads and a healthy indoor environment. All storm and sanitary water is managed on-site, lessening the impact on Pittsburgh's combined sewer system. The CSL was built using products and processes that have been deemed as safe for occupants, as well as all species of plants and animals.

Sanitary water diagram. Image courtesy of The Design Alliance. Energy models informed the design during development. AThe solar system consists of one ground and two roof-mounted arrays, and the 10kW vertical access wind turbine is located northeast of the building. Installing a photovoltaic array. Data Sources and Reliability Based on simulation? Non-simulation Based on utility bills?

Comment on data sources and reliability. Based on actual meter and sub-meter readings. The project challenges the perceived mutual exclusivity between built and natural environments with a design that is sensitive to nature while meeting the highest standards in well-being for all occupants and visitors. The goal—to provide clean, civilized indoor environments for occupants—was achieved through several strategies.

An outdoor weather station paired with indoor air quality sensors inform the BAS what mode in which to operate offers the highest IAQ with the lowest energy input.

When conditions are appropriate, natural ventilation mode automatically opens transom windows, while emails let staff know they are welcome to open their manual windows if they see fit. When conditions require mechanical heating, cooling, or economizer mode, an underfloor air delivery system introduces conditioned air directory into the breathing zone and allows heat from internal loads to stratify above the occupants. Live plants especially adept at removing air pollutants are at each work station, not only improving IAQ but enhancing aesthetics and biophilic connections, as well.

Installing the underfloor air delivery system, one of the Center's energy efficiency strategies. The CSL was designed to function effectively in harmony with, rather than at odds with, the natural world. The building and the landscape operate as one and this very design intent ensures resiliency.

The CSL generates electricity on-site without combustion and feeds the campus grid. The system has at times produced enough to satisfy demand for the entire campus and sent power back to the grid to not only reduce load on power generation systems, but add capacity. Similarly, the CSL manages all water on its site, including storm to sanitary water. The site has experienced a ten-year storm and successfully handled all of the water, including roof runoff from two adjacent buildings.

The systems can clean and store water for use both at the CSL and elsewhere on campus. The CSL is well equipped to handle shocks to the system. One of the most exciting aspects is that it demonstrates a way of building and operating that does not produce CO2 and greatly reduces energy consumption, both in and of themselves are factors that could actually reduce the frequency of systemic shocks in the first place.

The CSL has achieved four of the highest sustainable building certifications. These were set as goals to verify the performance through third parties and to ensure accountability, but the ultimate goal was to demonstrate the beauty of living in harmony with the natural world and to catalyze change by leading the way. As an educational institution, achieving the certifications has helped us spread this message, and ultimately inspire others that it is possible, right now, to build in a way that enhances both environmental and human well-being.

The project came to fruition and was able to achieve its goals only through two years of facilitated integrated design charrettes, sessions bringing together the institution, staff, architects, sustainability experts, engineers, landscape architects, contractors, and other stakeholders.

The realization of the inherent interconnectedness allowed the team to set and achieve goals that would have been otherwise unattainable.

A bevy of sensors, meters and monitors track and log the building's performance, informing staff on where improvements can be made. These data are also made available to researchers at local universities who are examining myriad aspects of the project ranging from life-cycle analysis to a real-time weather, indoor environment, and occupant comfort predictive control intended to minimize energy consumption and maximize individual occupant comfort.


Visual impact assessments

Sustainable landscape design strategies can inspire every garden project, are include adopting smart water, plant health, and plant selection practices. Sustainable landscape design is woven into the development of initial garden concepts, the installation process, and caretaking after everything is in place. Here are ten things to think about when creating a landscape design:. This might seem like an impossible goal, but these are methods of capturing water to conserve supply and save on water bills. Look at your property and garden area as a watershed. Note what water moves through your yard. Do you get rainwater, dew, mist, fog, etc.?

Sustainable Landscape Design. Landscape architecture will play an important role in structuring the cities of tomorrow by allowing landscape strategies to.

Resources for sustainable landscaping

Sustainable strategies for commercial landscapes play a significant role in gaining a competitive advantage today by attracting tenants and saving money. Many tenants notice which buildings are green and seek out properties that have adopted sustainable practices and look attractive. A smart landscape partner can recommend sustainable strategies for commercial landscape that offer cost savings without sacrificing aesthetics, which is critical for owners looking to enhance an office building environment or achieve a green certification. Adopting sustainable strategies for commercial landscapes improves water management and complies with mandated water use restrictions that are in place in many areas. Water management, conservation and reuse are being factored into new and existing landscapes; just as sustainable landscape practices are becoming standard in virtually every property type. Landscape plans frequently feature improved irrigation systems and grids of inline drip irrigation rather than spray heads in small landscape areas. Often , water fountains are being converted to planters, decorative turf is being removed and only turf on which people sit or play remains. Bio-swales or on-site storm water quality treatment systems are increasing in use to manage storm.

Sustainable landscape architecture

The landscape is a life-sustaining ecosystem shared by all that inhabit the earth. It is the cities and towns where we live and work, the parks and gardens where we play, the fields that nourish our bodies and supply our economies, and the wilderness that restores us. Pressures from a growing population and a changing climate mandate that we look beyond the aesthetic potential of the designed landscape so as to engage it as a territory of experience, activity and interpretation, and a strategy through which contemporary challenges facing regions, cities and the people that inhabit them - access to healthy food and clean water, environmental degradation, public health - are addressed. The Sustainable Landscape Design Concentration positions students for careers through which they impact the way in which we live, work and play and shape the health of our environment through the applied arts and sciences of the designed landscape.

At Thomson we are able to undertake both informal landscape appraisals and formal Landscape Visual Impact Assessments, either as a standalone study or as part of a larger Environmental Statement.

Principles of a Sustainable Landscape Design

Skip to content. For homeowners. Natives for Your Neighborhood — Choose the right plants for your ecoregion with the help of this tool, which features recommendations for South and Southwest Florida. Designing Our Future: Sustainable Landscapes American Society of Landscape Architects — How homeowners and communities can connect their properties into networks of attractive, wildlife-friendly neighborhoods, cities, and regions Find your local Florida Yards and Neighborhoods Program FYN Homeowner Program — Click your county on the map or select your county from the dropdown menu to view website and contact information. For landscape architects and maintenance professionals. Explore About Expand child menu Expand.

Sustainable Landscapes Rating Tool

Landscape architects play an essential role in creating design interventions to ensure environmental sustainability. Sustainable architecture aims to incorporate elements of green design into various parts of the building. The main goal is to strike a beautiful harmony between green life and architecture to preserve nature and improve the quality of living. Green buildings are designed in a way to be built in a way that reduces harmful impact on the environment. Environmentally sustainable design or environmentally-conscious design, eco-design is the philosophy of designing physical objects, the built environment and services to comply with the principles of ecological sustainability.

The Sustainable Landscapes Design Group would like to recognize the following The GW Ecosystem Enhancement Strategy is an overarching plan for.

Landscaping Ideas: 16 Simple Solutions for Sustainability

Through our work in promoting the use of native plants in landscaping, we have observed that homeowners and gardeners are becoming increasingly aware of the positive impacts they can have on the natural world. At the same time, they are looking for ways they can sit back and enjoy the fruits of their labor. In a weekly article I receive online, landscape architects were asked to rate the expected popularity of a variety of residential outdoor design elements inThese trends highlight the importance homeowners place on a functional landscape — landscapes that reflect their values and life style, gardens that center on solutions to problems rather than creating additional problems.

RELATED VIDEO: Water Conservation Landscape Design Strategies

Sustainable landscaping is the practice of using multiple strategies to create an environmentally friendly and climate appropriate landscape. Major goals and benefits of sustainable landscaping include water conservation, improving soil health, reducing maintenance labor and organic waste generation, carbon sequestration, and creating habitat through appropriate plant selection. Shifting towards sustainable landscaping practices helps preserve our local ecosystems and prevent air, water, and soil pollution. In turn, this can reduce long- term costs and cut down maintenance. Sustainable landscapes mean more than hot, dry gardens of cactus and gravel. They can incorporate beautiful flowering plants--including California natives --as well as edible plants such as pomegranates, or shade trees that can cool your home.

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Sustainable Landscapes centers on sustaining healthy and functioning forests, agrarian landscapes, waterways, coastal and marine ecosystems. Forests, soils, wetlands including peatlands and mangroves as well as marine systems are natural assets or natural capital which are interconnected and provide services which are of significant value to sustaining local and global economies. Unfortunately, natural capital has been under-priced and under-protected, which has lead to environmental loss with consequential economic and societal impacts, especially the billions of rural households dependent on natural resources. Degradation of ecosystems cost governments and land users USDKey economic sectors in agriculture including aquaculture , forestry and other land uses have been key drivers.

Study method. Available loans. Prior study.


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