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Horticulture schemes in karnataka 2018

Horticulture schemes in karnataka 2018


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Horticulture schemes in karnataka 2018-19

Horticulture is one of the most valuable activities in Karnataka. Due to the vast potential in the state, Karnataka boasts a large number of horticultural crops. Horticulture is the backbone of agriculture in the country. Due to the rich and diverse land, farmers across Karnataka have been growing crops which not only add a lot to their revenue, but also provide quality food. Horticulture provides employment to about 35-50 lakh people in Karnataka and adds substantial value to the state economy. According to research conducted by the Government of Karnataka, more than 3,00,000 farmers are engaged in agriculture in the state.

Horticulture comprises various crops such as vegetables, spices, flowers, fruits, tea, medicinal herbs and more. It contributes about 4-5% of the state’s GDP. Horticulture is one of the oldest agricultural systems. It dates back as far as the Indus Valley Civilisation, in a very ancient and robust civilization. As per the estimates, there are over 4 lakh hectare of land under cultivation in Karnataka. There are vast tracts of land with water bodies. The high ground on the banks of rivers have a higher average annual rainfall. Therefore, water is readily available. Thus, farmers do not have to go out of the country to look for high-yielding varieties and planting materials. Horticultural crops have a high rate of return to the farmers. They also produce higher yields when compared to those growing crops in the neighboring states. This is because the climate and soil are well suited for horticultural crops. They also provide the state with food security.

Types of crops:

There are around 200 horticultural crops grown in the state. More than 50% of the total farmers in Karnataka are engaged in growing horticultural crops. They include vegetables, spices, fruits, flowers, tea, medicinal herbs, etc. These crops are important in terms of production. They are also exported as the state’s major produce.

Benefits:

• A large number of farmers are engaged in growing horticultural crops in Karnataka.

• It is a major contributor to the state’s GDP.

• It has also provided the farmers with sustainable livelihood.

• Horticultural crops are being cultivated on a vast area of land.

• Water is available in abundance. Thus, the production costs are low.

Challenges:

Since the horticultural crops are cultivated in a short period, it does not last long. Thus, farmers usually sell the produce as soon as it is harvested. This means that there is no continuous supply and demand.

• The production costs are high.

• Since most of the farmers depend on cash crops, there are no collateral assets to secure loans.

• There is not much awareness about horticulture among the farmers.

Solution:

There are various strategies being implemented to increase the production and sale of horticultural crops. They include:

1. Planting saplings of horticultural crops

2. Improving cultivation methods.

3. Planting of fruits with high commercial value like strawberries and raspberries.

4. Increasing availability of high quality seed varieties.

5. Increasing use of drip irrigation systems and other modern irrigation systems.

6. Providing the farmers with credit.

7. Training farmers in management practices and marketing.

The State Horticulture Department is also engaged in the various horticultural projects. These include:

1. Pesticide free zone at Chitradurga.

2. “Karnataka – Landscape of Horticulture”

3. “Pigeon Pea – Landscape of Horticulture”.

4. “Green Rice” is a program that encourages farmers to grow rice in a way that conserves soil and water, and also increases income.

5. “Green Gold” is a program under which farmers are encouraged to increase production of horticultural crops.

6. To make better use of farm resources, the department has been involved in research and development of varieties of horticultural crops.

Agricultural marketing methods have also been developed by the department to make horticultural crops more accessible to farmers. The major strategies being adopted are:

• Direct marketing by the farmers to consumers.

• Marketing through farmers’ markets.

• Setting up cold chains.

• Promotion and marketing of special events, competitions and fairs.

Solutions:

A large number of farmers are being trained in the new method of farming – “no-till” farming.

“Green Gold” is a program which encourages farmers to increase production of horticultural crops.

The department has been creating awareness about the different varieties of horticultural crops in the agricultural market.

The government is supporting the farmers through the establishment of cold storage facilities across the State. This will ensure that farmers will have an easy access to quality horticultural crops even in the remotest of the remote corners of the State.

In 2014-15, about 3.30 lakh farmers were included under the Green Revolution-II (GR-II) package, and are presently engaged in horticulture. With the new technologies, farmers have been introduced to sustainable farming practices. Many farmers are participating in the various schemes being implemented by the department and, as a result, are able to increase their income by increasing production of horticultural crops. The program is being extended to other horticultural crops as well. The State Government has also announced that it will increase the number of schemes and subsidy for farmers.

The department is also focusing on the development of quality seed that would be readily available to farmers. The department has started a number of schemes to promote good quality seed production through scientific breeding and genetic improvement.

The department has also adopted modern technologies in the farming sector.

Sensors are used in the farming sector for better monitoring of crops. The department is providing new and hi-tech machines to improve farming practices.


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